www.nortonkit.com 18 अक्तूबर 2013
Digital | Logic Families | Digital Experiments | Analog | Analog Experiments | DC Theory | AC Theory | Optics | Computers | Semiconductors | Test HTML
Direct links to other pages:
Basic Summing: [Setting the Gain Coefficient] [Analog Addition] [Adding a Fixed Constant]
Variations in Feedback Circuits: [Integrators] [Differentiators] [Logarithmic Amplifiers] [Non-Inverting Amplifiers] [A Difference Amplifier] [Increasing the Output Current Capacity] [A Half-Wave Rectifier] [A Full-Wave Rectifier]
Mixing Analog and Digital Technologies: [Comparators] [Digital to Analog Conversion] [Analog to Digital Conversion]
Generating Waveforms: [A Square Wave Generator] [A Triangle Wave Generator] [A Sine Wave Generator]
Operational Amplifiers: [Characteristics of Operational Amplifiers] [Inside the 741]
A Difference Amplifier

Sometimes it is desirable to obtain the difference between two signals. Of course, it is possible to apply one signal to an analog inverter and then sum the two together. However, perhaps there is an easier way to accomplish the same result.

A true difference amplifier.

The circuit to the right combines features of the normal inverting amplifier and the non-inverting amplifier. Note that there are two resistors Rf as well as two Rin resistors. For correct circuit operation, it is important that the two pairs be matched. With the circuit shown, the equation for the output voltage is:

Vout =  Rf  (V2 - V1)


This circuit operates cleanly and accurately, but does have a limitation. You cannot use it for summing multiple signals at the "-" input, because that input is no longer at a virtual ground. As a result, additional input signals to this point will interact with each other and produce distorted results.

All pages on www.nortonkit.com copyright © 1996, 2000-2009 by Er. Rajendra Raj
Please address queries and suggestions to: nortonkit@gmail.com